About Leo Haks     Publications     Exhibitions     Chinese collection  Awards   Indonesian Photography
  For more information, Google Leo Haks

e mail: info@leohaks.com




Leo Haks has spent over 40 years as collector, art dealer and author.

Dealing in Indonesian books, maps and paintings professionally and collecting aspects of Chinese and Indonesian art privately.

Many items of Chinese and Indonesian art had been left unnoticed by the art establishment. This allowed for comprehensive and representative collecting.
Leo Haks by Dhaimeler 1992

Numerically, the Chinese collection (in its several parts) is by far the largest; it comprises: Opera costumes (now mostly sold); temple embroideries; funerary textiles; elaborate figurines made in papier mâché, textiles and or mixed techniques, for use in Chinese festivals and rituals.

Paper cuts used at these festivals, or on other occasions, were varied, colourful and, at one stage plentiful. Some were made in studios for sale through the so-called ‘paper shops’. Others were produced commercially and sold to the general public in packaged sets.

Mud and paper masks were made as component parts in the production of ritual figurines.
Woodblock prints and paper scrolls, depicted deities for domestic use.

This website places emphasis on parts of the Chinese collection, available to a museum or other institution.

Celestial Art, Paper offerings and textiles from China collected by Leo Haks’,
SDZ, Ghent, 1997, refers. (available at www.abebooks.com)

Political posters from the Cultural Revolution and immediately after that time were printed in large numbers. Many are now sought after items, especially those with an international subject matter.

Now retired from formal business, Haks continues to be active.
His current project; the gathering of early New Zealand Postcards, with a view to publishing these in book form within the next 2 years.

For more information, Google Leo Haks

back to top


For further reading:

1. Willem Velema‘An Interview with Leo Haks’.
Celestial Art: Paper offerings and textiles from China collected by Leo Haks, Gendt, 1997.  Click here for pdf

2. Leo Haks ‘Collectors Introduction’.
Borobundur Auction: Pre-war Balinese Modernist Paintings, the collection of Leo Haks, 22 October 2011. Click here for pdf

3. Stan Florek, ‘Leo Haks Collection: Balinese Modernists’.
Australia Museum, 29 October 2012.

4. Stan Florek, ‘The Theo Meier’s Collection of Balinese Paintings’.
Australia Museum, 29 October 2012.

5. Stan Florek, ‘Theo Meier (1908 – 1982): A Life in Art in Bali’.
Australia Museum, 31 October 2012.
6. Leo Haks ‘Postcards’ (an Introduction to the Collection of 8300 Pre-1940 Indonesian Postcards)
Borobudur Auction: Various Personal Collections of Leo Haks – Including Books, Lithography, Paintings, Photographs, Postcards & Textiles, 22 October 2011.

Click here for pdf






  Leo Haks and Paul Zach. 'Indonesia - Images of the past', Singapore 1987. (A biography of photographer J. Demmeni) Out of print.

Leo Haks and Guus Maris. 'Lexicon of Foreign Artists who Visualized Indonesia 1600 - 1950'. Singapore 1995.

‘Celestial Art. Paper offerings and textiles from China, collected by Leo Haks’. Gent, 1997.

Leo Haks and Guus Maris. 'Pre-War Balinese Modernists 1928 - 1942'. Amsterdam 1998 Interactive CD-ROM, the first such CD on any aspect of Indonesian art. Out of print.

Leo Haks and Guus Maris. 'Pre-War Balinese Modernists 1928 - 1942'. Amsterdam. Exhibition catalogue 1999

Leo Haks.Chinese Votive Costumes’. Article in FMR two, September 2004  - Click here for pdf.  (some images removed for smaller file size)

Leo Haks and Steven Wachlin.Indonesia, 500 early postcards'. Singapore 2004 Reprint 2011.

Leo Haks and Steven Wachlin. IndonesiŽ, 500 oude prentbriefkaarten Rijswijk 2005.
(Translation from the English language edition.) Now in second print.

Adrian Vickers and Leo Haks.Ida Bagus Nyoman Rai: Painter of History’. In Newsletter IIAS, vol 41, Summer 2006. Download article in PDF

Frans Haks Presents:Chinese ‘Haute Couture, Cantonese Opera Costumes from the Leo Haks Collection. Interpreted in Photographs by Marcel van der Vlught’.   Dutch Quarterly Magazine, winter 1996. 17 pages in full colour, showing these Chinese Opera Costumes as seen through the eye of a Western fashion photographer.



  Cologne, Rautenstrauch-Joest Museum, 'Walter Spies, Musiker und Maler auf Bali', 1995. (contributor).

Rotterdam, Kunsthal, 'Magie and Modernisme', 20 May - 22 August 1999.

Ubud, Bali, Museum Puri Lukisan, 'Magic and Modernism', 26 September - 30 November 1999.

Jakarta, Erasmus Huis, 'Magic and Modernism', 19 January - 12 February 2000.

Leeuwarden, Fries Museum, 'Magie en Modernisme', 4 June - 3 September 2000.

Australia 18/8/2002 - 5/10/2003. 'Crossing Boundaries. Bali: A Window to 20th Century Indonesian Art'. traveling exhibition (participant) Organized by the Asia Society, Australasia



  Amsterdam. Pan '89. 'Chinese opera costumes'.(Opened by the Chinese Ambassador to The Netherlands) 13 - 17 October 1989.

Rotterdam. Kunsthal. 'Hemelse Gewaden uit China', (Heavenly Robes from China) 21 December 1996 - 9 March 1997.

Hasselt, (Belgium). Modemuseum Hasselt 'Hemelse Gewaden', 31 Januari - 13 June 1999.

The Hague. Gemeentemuseum 'Flaunting Splendour', (Stylistic development of Cantonese opera costumes 1930 - 1960.) 7 April - 9 September 2001

Utrecht, Centraal Museum 'NEO', 27-9-03 - 4-1-04. Contributor.

National Museum of Singapore ‘Bedazzled: Sequined Costumes of Cantonese Opera’ 6 February – 1 May 2008. All ex Leo Haks collection.



  San Francisco, Ansel Adams Gallery. 'Toward Independence, A Century of Indonesia Photographed'. (Major contributor.) 25 September - 1 December 1991.

Cologne, Rautenstrauch-Joehst-Museum. 'Batik; Javanese and Sumatran batiks from courts and palaces. Rudolf Smend Collection'. 22 June - 8 October 2000. Opened bij HRH the Sultan of Yogyakarta. Photographic contribution.

Amsterdam, Huis Marseille, ‘Isodore van Kinsbergen (1821 – 1905: Photopioneer and Theatre Maker in the Dutch East Indies’. 2005. (contributor)

National Gallery of Australia, Canberra. ‘Picture Paradise’ Asia-Pacific Photography 1840s – 1940s. 11 July – 9 November 2008. major contribution ex Leo Haks collection

‘Garden of the East: Photography in Indonesia 1850s – 1940s’

21st February – 22nd June 2014.

“The National Gallery’s archive of photographs from Indonesia is based on the collection acquired in 2006 from Dutch rare-book and print dealer Leo Haks”.

Photographs from the Leo Haks collection have been published in over 100 books, magazines, calendars and academic publications.

  Leo Haks is the recipient of the 2002 Profiel award, a Dutch Biennial Prize awarded to individuals for their contribution to aspects of textile art. The award was given with specific reference to the ‘salvaging of Chinese temple embroideries in Singapore’.


  Home Chinese Offering Art  | Chinese Political Posters | Indonesian Related Cartoons  |  About Leo Haks  |  Other Items